About Nepal

Kingdom of Nepal is situated in the southern slopes of the Himalayas in Asia and is landlocked between China in the north and India in the south, east and west. With an approximate area of 56,136 sq. mi., Nepal stretches 90-150 miles north to south and 550 miles west to east.

Nepal can be divided into three topographical zones running like long strips from east to west. These are: the mountainous region along the north, the hilly region in the middle and the plain region along the south. The mountain belt lies at an altitude ranging from 16000 feet above sea level to 29028 meters, which is the height of the Mt. Everest.

Nepal is a developing country with an agricultural economy. The country is administratively divided into 5 development regions, 14 zones and 75 districts.

Nepal has a wide diversity, but with the ties of unity in terms of ecology and cultural patterns. Below are the Geological and Demographical facts of Nepal.


Area:147,181 sq. km. (56,136 sq. mi.); about the size and shape of Tennessee, bordering China and India.
Cities:Capital--Kathmandu municipality (5 districts) (pop. l.5 million). Other cities--Biratnagar, Patan, Pokhara, Birganj, Dharan, Nepalganj.
Terrain:Flat and fertile in the southern Terai region; terraced cultivation and swiftly flowing mountain rivers in the central hills; and the high Himalayas in the north. Eight of the world's ten highest peaks are in Nepal. Kathmandu, the capital, is in a broad valley at 1,310 meters (4,300 ft.) elevation.
Climate:Subtropical in the south to cool summers and severe winters in the northern mountains. The monsoon season is from June through September and brings 75 to 150 centimeters (30-60 in.) of rain. Showers occur almost every day.
Time zone:Nepal is 10 hours and 45 minutes ahead of Eastern Standard Time and does not observe daylight saving time.


Nationality:Noun--Nepali (sing.). Adjective--Nepalese or Nepali.
Population (July 12, 2004 census update):24.8 million.
Annual growth rate:2.25%.
Population breakdown/distribution:Rural (85.8%); female (50.1%); in the southern Terai region (49.1%); in the hills (49.1 %); in the mountains (7%).
Ethnic groups (caste and ethnicity are often used interchangeably):Brahman, Kshatri, Newar, Gurung, Magar, Tamang, Rai, Limbu, Sherpa, Tharu, and others.
Religions:Hinduism (80.6%), Buddhism (10.7%), Islam (4.2%), and others (4.2%).
Languages:Nepali, Newari, Maithali, Bhojpuri and about dozen others. The national language is Nepali, which is spoken by more than fifty percent of the people though understood by a great majority of the country's diverse ethic population. 
Education:Years compulsory--0. Attendance--primary 80.4%, secondary 20%. Literacy--53.7% (65.1% male, 42.5% female).
Health:Infant mortality rate--64.2/1,000. Life expectancy--58.3 yrs. (male), 42.5 yrs. (female).
Work force:Agriculture--85%; industry--3%; services--11%; other--1%.

Nepal - occupying only 0.1% of the earth - is home to:

  • 2% of all the flowering plants in the world
  • 8% of the world's population of birds (more than 848 species)
  • 4% of mammals on earth
  • 11 of the world's 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
  • 600 indigenous plant families
  • 319 species of exotic orchids
  • 8 out of 10 tallest mountains in the world
  • The only living goddess - kumari - in the world

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